The American Heart Association recommends not to take more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) per day and an ideal limit of no more than 1,500 mg per day for adults.
Sodium is not bad for your health. If taken as per the daily requirement. Sodium is required for bodily functions such as muscle contractions, nerve transmissions, for balancing body fluids, etc.
Now know why too much salt intake is bad for your health:
Excess salt intake causes edema, there will be swelling in feet, knees, and hands. A recent study confirms that high levels of sodium in diet causes retention of water in the body ending up in edema. Based on the severity of edema either it is treated with salt restriction or medications.
2. Heart disease
Exceeding the required amounts of salt in the diet could contribute to high risk of cardiovascular diseases in adults. As per the reports in BMJ, excess intake of salt leads to increased risk of stroke and other cardiovascular events.
3. Increased craving for salty foods
Consumption of too much of salt can make your taste buds habituated to the salty taste and finally makes you no longer registered on how much salt you are taking.
4. Gastric cancer
According to a survey done by Consensus Action on Salt and Health, over consumption of processed food which has high salt content. It is also proved that men are more vulnerable than women.
High sodium content food which are mainly processed can leave you bloated and finally can lead to water retention. Hence be mindful while eating processed foods.
Kidneys play a vital role in removing the waste products off the body, and helps balance fluid levels. Kidneys additionally controls the production of red blood cells. But due to high salt intake and elevated blood pressure there is a threat to the kidneys, Thereby reduces the ability of kidneys to filter the toxins or waste by-products from the body.